As Indonesian, maybe environment is the least priority issues in our life. Lets start with hygene. We eat next to dusty road, with unwell processed food, using dirty water. We are commute in very crowded train, in a deadlock traffic jam. We live in area where flooding comes not only around the navigation road, but also flooding housing and residential. Do you think we care about environment?
It remind me about the job I took in the past on risk management. Facing the fierce business competition, do you think people will use policy and procedure, use the risk management principles? do companies even care about compliance?
Well to answer that two related question. In my opinion, I will said that the most important thing is not the “How to” make people care about our issues -whether its environment or risk management. The most important things is to find a company that need a compliance, to find the people that care about environment.
So risk management is not bad concept, or environment is not a useless word. That word is only useful until we find the right audience. For example like this, when US Embassy donate Air Quality Monitoring or like this, when Integrity Watch is used to monitor the conflict of interest for politician.
I read the science behind the “sustainable” word, it is very interesting. The sustainable word can be applied to:
- (sustainable) transportation: no pollution
- (sustainable) energy: no pollution
- (sustainable) development: no poverty
For example here is transportation:
- Sustainable Transport
- Energy efficiency in transportation
- Environmental Impact of Aviation
I am thinking from Indonesia perspective, which one is the biggest priority today. Is it corruption? having a quick view on Kompas and Jakartapost. The answer is yes, today is news about Pertamina Foundation corruption -so yup, there is a news on corruption everyday.
Second issues? yup is still there. Education quality, energy issues is there. So what is it all about? In my opinion there is only one things that matter: money. And in regard of money, there is only two things that matter: how to get money and how to distribute money. The first thing is economy and the second thing is social.
I try to use, Circles of Sustainability as framework to understand the relationship of life, and it all the same:
- Economy: Poverty, Production (Agriculture), Technology & Infrastructure
- Culture (Social): Education, Health, Gender
- Politics (Social): Governance, Law & Justive
- Ecology: Energy, Emission
When I see from natural science perspective its all goes the same:
- Hunting in animal: Predator
- Agriculture in animal: Leaves Ant
- Technology in animal: Ecosystem Engineer – Beaver
Behavior Study (Social Evolution / Evolutionary Biolog)
- Trading in animal: Symbiosis – Mutually Beneficial
- Social Structure in animal: Bee
- Altruism in animal: Kin Selection – Altruistic
It was reported in various website that there are 19.5 million ton of tin is smuggled in 2015. This number does not make sense to me. Since the official production is 70 thousand ton. This 70-80 thousand tonne of tin is accounted for 20% world production. So we are talking number that 1,000 times bigger. But in 2014, it also reported that illegal tin export is 301 million ton for duration 9 years, or it almost 30 million ton per year. The number is tied up, but there is something wrong.
Another news reported that it was 30 thousand ton per year, which for me its makes sense. Around 30-40% of tin production is smuggled.
Poverty is the worst form of violence, Mahatma Gandhi
I understand now, why poverty alleviation is number #1 subject for any government, any donor, any political agenda. Poverty is very important topics. The cure of poverty can be as simple as women empowerment, governance (anti corruption) to energy access.
In my opinion, poverty (money) is always #1 problem, health is the #2, education is #3. To solve a problem, I think we should start with #1 problem first. To become more productive people.
- Energy poverty will have less to do with ambitious expansion of electricity capacity, and more to do with ambitious distribution of energy services to poor people 6
- In the poorest countries, one out of every two people has to pay a bribe to access basic services like education, healthcare and water 4
- Energy poverty means two things: Poor people are the least likely to have access to power. And they are more likely to remain poor if they stay unconnected. 5
- Private sector is an indispensable force for economic growth 1
- Governance is the way out of poverty and corruption 2
- Corruption wasn’t an economic but a political issue. It was better left to governments, not to development experts 3
- Poverty (1), Hunger (2), Growth (8), Industry (9),
- Health (3)
- Education (4)
- Gender (5), Equality (10), Strong Institution (16)
- Water (6), Energy (7), Sustainable Cities (11), Responsible Consumption (12), Climate (13), Ocean (14), Life on Land (15),
Millenium Development Goal (MDG) is established in Sept 2000, which prioritize to some of important indicator:
4. Health (Child, Maternal, Viral)
Sustainable Development Goals established in Sept 2015,
1. Poverty, Hunger
5. Water, Energy
I start to realize that the biggest problem in Indonesia is poverty. We can not move forward if poverty is not solved. So with empowerment of people, if people has a job, has something to do that make him live. Problem solved.
If people has a land, they can grow something (plant or animal), the problem, poor people don’t have a land. So people getting smarter, they move to bigger city to find a job. There is a job in bigger city, but it’s large supply makes a problem within the city.
Once they can self sustain, people will think about health, education, gender and the very last is about environment. So at least it needs 5 steps more.
Yesterday, I attend a discussion on air pollution. It was interesting event due to the panelist come from two different perspective. The first group is from health economics (Epidemiologist), the second group is from environmental economics (Ecologist). The main speaker (or the third group) is from Economics (economist) that study air pollution.
The challenges that we face such as:
– How to quantify human health in term of monetary e.g 200,000 USD
– How to ensure that policy can be implemented (will developing countries able to follow)
– How is our understanding with the current air pollution pattern
My response, I am quite surprise (still), that a lot of people thinking the air pollution solution, from the perspective in quantitative measurement (market failure, taxation) to health and ecology in general. The biggest challenge I think is not only on the scientific level, but also in implementation level. For example how my country able to react in the same “awareness” like other country did.