Ah Energy Policy, the keyword that I hated it so much. In 1970s they said that Indonesia -a lower middle income net oil exporting country- that the oil crisis mark the end of cheap and abundant oil. Therefore in 1970 the transition to renewable energy is prepared, the increased energy access for poor people also developed. But in 2010, when Oil is cheap, the renewable energy and poor people is still a problem, even it getting more complicated.
We the “scientist” develop policy (read policy analysis), we develop program (read program evaluation) which developed using carefully scientific measurement. But in reality scientist never talk with the “government” which formally developed and executed the plan, in reality even government is run by politician, where politician made policy based on their own interest -not even based on scientific perspective.
Well, unfortunatelly, the only way to implement the policy studies knowledge is to be politician.
I made a list of top 10 downloaded journal in my Zotero the list as below:
|2||Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews||39||3.12||140||2-5 April 2017, erssconference.com|
|3||Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies||35||0.39||24|
The most downloaded journal is not surprisingly is Energy Policy, which is most suitable with my topic. Another interesting is Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, which provide plenty resources on Indonesia topics. Another interesting journal is Atmospheric Environment, which is a mix between chemistry and biology, and lastly is Science, a highly reputable journal.
The aim is to be accepted in those journal listed. But some journal, for example Science, only can be accepted if its part of reputable institution -which a result of very long and expensive work.
My basic knowledge is computer science, my master is engineering management focusing on renewable energy, my phd is sustainable energy. So what is sustainable energy? sustainable energy is a small chapter in environment science – a book (Cunningham 2010), is a chapter in renewable energy – a book (Boyle, MacKay). I am finished reading this in my master year -which is not master by research but master by taught.
So where and when the research begin? research is an investigation, so it must be something new, that people never did it before. So in my experience, I think it just start now.
My keyword is energy modelling.
It is about environmental impact of energy development in Indonesia. I am using LEAP (Long Range Energy Alternative Planning) which help me to measure the impact. But the biggest challenge is to understand the driver behind the scenario. So an understanding about developing countries, energy transition and sosiopolitical fator behind the scenario is also very important.
In the first year, I spend my time to understand the current energy situation. In the second year I begin to test my understanding by using modelling and interview as supporting. So in the third year, I can write the result. Simple, challenge is to focus. That its why I need to write daily.
My reading list currently is 547 paper, I read it better now, instead last year. The same paper could provide more knowledge in the second or third year reading it.
Social science is a study which the main focus is people. For example in energy study, the focus is Ministry of Energy from government, Pertamina as company, NGO that promote environmentally policy. People is important aspect in social study, especially in policy making. A very good policy from government might not be effective if the people is not support it, not effective if is not align with global voice.
Social science is very subjective study. Political study for example is very subjective. Suharto portrait is very effective leader in 1980, if written in 1990, but not effective if written in 2000. There are a lot of way to make social science more effective such as:
- Modelling/Econometrics, shifting from analyzing the people, into analyzing the number. E.g energy scenario planning, FDI analysis.
- Correlation, shifting from analysing to find relation/correlation. E.g energy and job employment.
Environmental quality is a powerful determinant of health expenditure in developing countries, Yahaya et al 2015, from a social sciences journal, using 125 health care data developing countries.