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Definition: Doctrine, Schools of Thought, System of Belief

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School of Philosophy
1. Rationalist (Descartes, Kant)
2. Empirist (Locke, Hume-Skepticism)
3. Idealist (Hegel)
4. Materialist (Darwin, Marx, Hobbes)
5. Phenomenologist (Husserl)
6. Existensialist (Nietzsche, Sartre)
7. Pragmatists (Peirce FO)
8. Post-Modernist (Derrida)

School of Politics (Ethics/Power)
1. Liberalism (Locke, Mill, Rousseau)
2. Conservatism (Hooker, Hume)
3. Socialism
4. Anarchism (Tolstoy)
5. Environmentalism (Feminist)

Schools of Economics (Ha Joon Chang 2014)
1. Classical (Adam Smith 1776)
2. Neoclassical (Alfred Marshall b1842)
3. Marxist
4. Developmentalist (Alexander Hamilton b1789)
5. Austrian
6. Schumpeterian
7. Keynesian
8. Institutionalist (Thorstein Veblen b1857)
9. Behaviouralist (Daniel Kahneman b1934, Economy Nobel 2002)

Schools of Legal System (Arminjon, Nolde)
1. French Group, Civil Napoleonic Code 1804
2. German Group
3. Scandinavian Group
4. English Group, Common Law
5. Russian Group
6. Religious Group (Islam, Christian, Hindu)

Schools of Jurisprudence
1. Natural Law
2. Legal Positivism
3. Legal Realism
4. Critical Legal Studies (1970)

Schools of Psychology
1. Structuralism (Wundt 1879)
2. Functionalism (James)
3. Psychoanalysis (Freud 1890)
4. Behaviourism (Watson 1950)
5. Humanistic (Maslow, Roger)
6. Gestalt (Wertheimer)
7. Existensialism (Heidegger).
8. Cognitive (Neisser).

Schools of Management (Hitt 1979)
1. Classical (Scientific Taylor 1911, Administrative Fayol, Bureaucratic Weber)
2. Neo-Classical (Human Relations Mayo, Behavioral Maslow-McGregor-Lewin-Follet)
3. Modern Management (System Theory, Contingency, Organizational Humanism, Management Science)

Schools of Strategic Management (Mintzberg 1998)
1. Design: Process of conception
2. Planning: Formal process (Ansoff 1965)
3. Positioning: Analytical process (Porter)
4. Entrepreneur: Visionary process (Schumpeter)
5. Cognitive: Mental process (Simon & March)
6. Learning: Emergent process (Prahalad & Gamel)
7. Power: Process of negotiation
8. Cultural: Collective process
9. Environmental: Collective process
10. Configuration: Process of transformation (Mintzberg, Chandler)

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Desember 25, 2014 pada 6:27 pm

Ditulis dalam Business

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  1. […] Based on Ideology (School of Thought) Ref (Ha Joon Chang 2014) 1. Classical (Adam Smith 1776) 2. Neoclassical (Alfred Marshall b1842) 3. […]


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