Economic Geography of Clean Energy
On the national level our energy balance seems healthy, we have estimated 51 GW Power plant capacity which producing around 200 TWh per year. Our electrification ratio is as high as 80% and many Indonesian has 2-3 air conditioning devices or motorcycle in every household. However, when we are going detail on the province or regional level we start to see those inequality gap between region. The gap is not only between 98% electrification ratio in Jakarta versus 40s% something in Papua, but also on other indicator such as average blackout per day which might reach 3.4 hour per day in certain region.
From energy balance perspective this gap of supply and demand of energy might difficult to mitigate.
One of the solution to mitigate this condition is to promote the use of clean and renewable energy. The initiative to promote clean energy could be accelerated by understanding the characteristic of its energy. Renewable energy unlike fossil fuel is geographically dependent, have different maturity and it has unique characteristic that require a policy maker to develop their approach based on each region capacity.