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Energy in Indonesia Introduction

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Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world with more than 253 million people encompasses more than 17,000 islands. Indonesia geographically located in equator with abundance natural resources as one of world biggest coal and natural gas exporter. Indonesia primary energy supply in 2011 is reached 209 Million Ton of Oil equivalent [1] and emitting 563 Million Ton of CO2 [2]. The dominant energy source is Oil 34%, Coal 25% and Gas 15%. By sector the biggest energy consumption is Industrial 33%, Households, 28% and Transportation 27% [3]

The study to find the relationship between energy consumption, environment impact (long-lived CO2 and short-lived) and the improvement of electricity generation in Indonesia is required. A scenario analysis is needed to achieve certain energy indicator such as electrification ratio which is around 80% and effort to improve the security of supply while at the same time achieving certain environmental standard.

[1] International Energy Agency, “Energy Supply Security Indonesia 2014,” International Energy Agency, 2014.

[2] World Bank Group, “World Development Indicators,” World Bank Publications, 2014.

[3] Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, “Handbook of Energy & Economic Statistics of Indonesia 2014,” Jakarta, Indonesia, 2014.

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

November 9, 2015 pada 6:09 am

Ditulis dalam Science

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