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El Nino, Agriculture and Poverty

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El Nino is the warm phase of ENSO, an irregularly periodical climate change caused by variations in sea surface temperatures over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean. El Nino is one of the biggest weather story of 2015 causing massive forest fire and historically causing drought and crop yield impact and to some extent also causing major flood. El Nino has a cycle from two to seven years.

El Nino impact on Indonesia is significant. In agriculture for example, it impacting rice price and affecting the poor. So when the poverty decline from 50% in 1966 to 11% in 1998, it is indicating the good policy that can manage the environment and economy balance, while the rise of poverty indication changing in policy.

In closing, a reminder that a study from Naylor et al (2006) indicating that climate variability 10-75% on precipitation in 2050 will affecting the crop yield.

Commentary:
Vox is as good as The Economist

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Desember 20, 2015 pada 10:41 am

Ditulis dalam Science

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