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Sustainable Development
The term sustainable development was introduced in 1980, popularized in the 1987 report of the World Commission on Environment and Development (the Brundtland Commission), and given a global mission status by the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Brundtland Commission defined sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” The Brundtland Commission noted that its definition contains two key concepts: (1) needs, meaning “in particular the essential needs of the world’s poor,” and (2) limitations, meaning “limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet present and future needs” (OECD, 1996). Thus, the Brundtland Commission’s definition was not only about sustainability and its various aspects, but also about equitydequity among (Dincer & Rosen 2013)

Sustainable Development
Can we improve the lives of the world’s poor without destroying our shared environment? A possible solution to this dilemma is sustainable development, a term popularized by Our Common Future, the 1987 report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, chaired by Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland (and consequently called the Brundtland Commission). In the words of this report, sustainable development means “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” (Cunningham 2010)

Sustainable Development
The phrase ‘sustainable development’ has become the focus of debate about environment and development. It is not only the best-known and most commonly cited idea linking environment and development; it is also the best documented, in a series of publications, beginning with the World Conservation Strategy (WCS) (IUCN 1980) and the Brundtland Report, Our Common Future (1987), and leading to the documents arising out of the Rio Conference in 1992 and the Johannesburg Summit in 2002. (Adams 2009)

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 4, 2016 pada 2:55 pm

Ditulis dalam Science

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