Waste and Environment Issues
Indonesia produced 48.8 Mt year of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), population 218.8 million, waste generation rate 0.61 kg/cap/day. 40% MSW transported to Solid Waste Disposal Site (TPA), this waste producing CH4 in 2006, 109Gg, 2010 259 Gg, 2015 504 Gg, 2015 1065 Gg. Refer to MDG 80% in urban and 50% in rural should be transported into final disposal site. UU 18 2008 on Solid Waste Management Act. (Wahyu Purwanto 2009 Bappenas)
I must admit, in the past I never worried, concern or even think about waste. In the 1990s, my family almost did not produce waste at all. If the waste is tin it used as plant holder (pot), if the waste is plastic bag, than we save it, and use it when we need it. Most of waste is made from paper and leaves. I remember buy traditional food e.g rujak or kerupuk sambel, we dont leave the waste at all. We sometimes made a small waste disposal in our garden, most of them is organic, sometimes we burned it in the afternoon -well smells good.
In the 2000s, everything suddenly changes, we produce more waste. First from bottled drink, things that we never see in the past, we consume more, e.g bottled palm oil, we consume more noodles (plastic waste), we shop to department store, buying coke. During the transition, we throw the garbage in a openlandfill next to our house, people also throw garbage at that place.
In short transition somewhere in mid 2000s, everything changes again, population getting bigger, new neighboor come, mainly not from my village. The throwing garbage is stopped, because first we realize that its not our land, second we also realize that it would disturb our neighboor that lives in next to open landfill.
There is some initiatives of waste collection by independent waste collector (tukang sampah keliling), but since the amount of waste is not that big, maybe less than 0.2kg/day/family, and considering that the tukang sampah is not working effectivelly, so a lot of family did not choose to use this service.
So how I see waste now
Today, in macro level, I see waste differently, in GHG report for example, waste contribution is big, is 2nd biggest contribution by 25%. The first biggest of course energy with >50%, but the third Industrial and fourth Agriculture is only around 12% each of them. Now I understand why environment engineer take waste management issues intensively, because it is big issues. Now I also understand why politician put waste as big issues, along with flood and traffic jam issues.