Multi Level Perspective (MLP) in Indonesia
I found this paper, very good one.
A Struggle of Multi-level Governance: Promoting Renewable Energy in Indonesia (Marquardt, 2014)
Background: Renewable energy transition is a complex, multi-dimensional policy goal that involves national and subnational actors within a multi-level governance system – especially in heavily decentralized countries like Indonesia.
Theory: Transition Management, MLP (Multi-level perspective)
Electricity from MLP perspective
– Market Structure (IPP, SOE)
– Electricity System (generation, transmission, distribution)
– Policy Making (central government, regional government)
Question: How does the multi-level governance framework in a decentralized country
like Indonesia affect efforts for a transition towards renewable energy
Method: Semi Structured Interview
- What are the key barriers for RE?
- Which actor (group) is a driving force?
- Which actor (group) is an obstacle
- How is the electricity market structured?
- How does RE support fit into the structure?
- How are decision-makers involved?
- What are the challenges for a regime shift towards renewable energy?
- What is the role of niche experiments?
Conclusion: Weak local capacity, a lack of awareness for national intentions on subnational levels and vice versa as well as missing consultation during policy formulation are major obstacles for renewables support in Indonesia