Anjar Priandoyo

Catatan Setiap Hari

Perkembangan Teknologi di Indonesia: Makin sakit kepala

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Bagian 1: Terlambat

  1. Kalau orang baru bicara mengenai pentingnya dana pendidikan di tahun 2003 (UU 20 2003 Sisdiknas) mengenai 20% anggaran pendidikan -yang mana komponen terbesarnya adalah gaji, dan gaji merupakan hal paling sensitif yang bisa berujung demo.
  2. Kalau orang baru bicara mengenai penulisan jurnal dan karir dosen tahun 2009 (PP 37 2009 Dosen) atau lebih tepatnya Permenpan 17 2013 Jafung Dosen, juga berujung pada penghasilan -belok sedikit lewat karya ilmiah yang juga super sensitif.

Maka sebenarnya kita sudah jauh-jauh tertinggal

Bahwa sebenarnya hal ini sudah dipikirkan banyak peneliti sejak tahun 1950, melihat bagaimana performa ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi dari sisi ekonomi. Dilihat dari FDI hingga dilihat dari anggaran pendidikan.

Pemisahan Politik dan Ekonomi

“…Conditions for rapid technology diffusion would therefore seem to have been more favourable in Indonesia. In the event, however, technology diffusion was far slower in Indonesia. This paradox may be resolved by a separation between politics and economics…”

“…From the perspective of technology policy, it can be argued that Thai policies were more geared towards adoption, adaptation and diffusion of technology rather than the creation of new technology whereas Indonesian investment in mega-projects was too often driven by the desire to invent rather than implement technology. Indeed, the economic spin-off of prestigious projects in for instance the Indonesian aircraft industry is likely to be have been minimal…”

“…Why has Thailand grown faster than Indonesia since the 1960s? Indonesia lagged behind Thailand by about ten years, or slightly more…”

Source:
Technological Development and Economic Growth in Indonesia and Thailand since 1950 Ewout Frankema Jan Thomas Lindblad 2005
http://hi-stat.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/information/schedule/schedulelog/S050/EF-JTL.pdf

Bagian 2: Sudahlah

Membandingkan dengan Thailand saja sudah jauh, maka apalagi membandingkan dengan Korea Selatan.

“…In contrast to the Korean government’s policy of strongly promoting manufactured exports by linking the various incentives (principally access to subsidized credit and import protection) offered to the large groups to their export performance, the Indonesian government when providing similar incentives, never resorted to imposing a similar export performance target on favoured business groups…”

Sedih baca ini:

The basic conditions for industrial technology development in Indonesia are:

  1. The pursuit of sound macroeconomic policies, as low inflation encourages firms to make long-term investments in technology development
  2. The pursuit of pro-competition economic policies, as a competitive environment is conducive to drive firms to rapidly adopt and diffuse new technologies, and make an efficient use of new technologies

SDM merupakan prioritas ketiga setelah makro ekonomi.

Technology and Indonesia’s Industrial Competitiveness, Thee Kian Wie, February 2006
https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/156680/adbi-dp43.pdf

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Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Januari 31, 2017 pada 2:10 pm

Ditulis dalam Science

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