Anjar Priandoyo

Catatan Setiap Hari

Thee Kian Wie, Apa kabar? semoga dirimu tidak sedih hari ini

with one comment

‘Indonesia has a lot of problems,’ he often said, ‘but the biggest is mass poverty.’ The solution, he argued, was a lot of foreign investment, new factories and then the tweaking of policy to ensure just outcomes.

Mencoba menyelami kepala Thee Kian Wie, mungkin rasanya sedih sekali jadi beliau. The Kian Wie ketika menulis di tahun 1980-an mungkin menyalahkan periode 1950 dan 1960 (sama seperti saya ketika menulis di tahun 2010an (dan yakin, kelak menuliskan hal yang sama di tahun 2020an) menyalahkan periode 2000an (pasca 1997 Krisis dan 1998 Tragedy).

Di tahun 1987 dia sudah melihat hal-hal negatif seperti:
– Ketidakefisienan BUMN
– Pribumi vs Chinese Enterpreneur, yang tidak optimal

Dia sudah melihat hal-hal positif seperti:
– Pemerintah sudah concern akan perkembangan private sector
– Bahkan akan ada transfer teknologi, semoga mirip Korsel yang transfer technologynya melalui licensing agreements

Namun seiring berjalannya waktu, apa yang dilihat oleh Thee Kian Wie, tetap saja sesuatu yang negatif. Sama seperti bidang yang ditekuninya ekonomi. Ilmu ekonomi saja sudah ilmu dismal (ilmu pesimis, yang kebanyakan memprediksi sesuatu yang negatif). Apalagi jika bidang yang ditekuni adalah sejarah ekonomi. Yang double dismal.

“…Since the mid-I980s, when the Indonesian government took steps to encourage the private sector, including foreign enterprise, to play a greater role in the economy…”

“…The ‘orderly transfer of technology’ of NIC projects to Indonesian owned and controlled operations may be one of the major contributions of NIC investment to Indonesia…”

“…For one thing, the government has not taken serious measures to nurture major pribumi companies…”

“…state enterprises dominate the capital-intensive material industry (the ‘upstream sector’), and the private (foreign and Indonesian) companies dominate the less capital-intensive finished products industry (the ‘downstream sector’). Thus, we characterized the industrial-structure of the Indonesian industry as ‘upstream socialism, downstream
capitalism.’…”

“…The importance of state enterprises in the upstream sector has serious implications concerning the question of industrial efficiency. In general, state enterprises are not efficient, and Indonesia’s state enterprises are no exception…”

https://www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/remembering-thee-kian-wie-indonesian-economist-and-sharp-critic-government
https://kyoto-seas.org/pdf/24/4/240401.pdf
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00074919112331336078?needAccess=true
https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=8045057500

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Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 1, 2017 pada 1:43 pm

Ditulis dalam Life

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  1. sapaan yang bisa menyentuh hati. mari saling menyapa dengan sesama.

    Kata-kata

    Maret 18, 2017 at 10:55 pm


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