Anjar Priandoyo

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Literature Review: Theoritical vs Non Theoritical

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Indonesia is a country with unsustainable energy development (ARGUMENT). It is indicated by large dependency of fossil fuel such as coal and oil (PROBLEM), massive exploitation of natural resources such as palm oil (PROBLEM) and use of traditional biomass fuel (PROBLEM).

Version 1: Theoretical
The root cause of unsustainable development is complicated. It can be attributed to rapid high energy consumption (WHY), Geographical factor (WHY) or other factors such as sociopolitical, energy market, role of SOE (WHY-too wide). There are various STUDY to explain this root cause, which can refer to Energy Ladder theory where at this moment Indonesia is in the traditional biomass stage (STUDY) or can be explained by Kuznets Curve where as developing countries it not focusing on environmental.

Version 2: Non Theoretical
The root cause of unsustainable development is complicated. It can be attributed to lack of renewable energy utilization (WHY), lack understanding of environmental impact (WHY). There are various STUDY to develop renewable energy utilization in Indonesia. For example, study on biofuel potential from Jatropa Curcas (STUDY), Geothermal potential (STUDY),

Reference:
The Energy Ladder is a generic concept that postulates that household energy use often shows transitions from traditional biomass fuels (wood, dung, crop residues) through direct use of liquid and solid fossil fuels (coal, kerosene) to modern energy forms (LPG, natural gas and electricity)

The concept of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) generalises empirical observations of environmental pressure with economic development as an inverted U-shaped-curve, analogous to the income inequality curve described by Kuznets. Based on the concept of the EKC, it is often argued that environmental pressure will decrease once developing countries become more prosperous.

Frauke Urban 2009

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Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 27, 2017 pada 5:51 pm

Ditulis dalam Science

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