Anjar Priandoyo

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Indonesia Crude Oil Transportation Statistics

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Seharian menguplek-uplek saya belum juga menemukan data transportasi crude oil di Indonesia. Data Transportasi meliputi Marine Vessel, Pipeline, Rail, Truck. Data yang super penting ini as of 2017, tidak bisa saya temukan juga. Solusinya? mari kita coba membuat simulasi berapa kira-kira besaran data angkutan minyak mentah ini.

Asumsi

  • 90% global trade is carried by SEA IMO (2), Indonesia 1995 is 95% (2)
  • 50% of seaborne cargo is OIL (JICA) 103 MT (2009)
  • US Crude Transportation 70% pipeline, 23% marine, 4% truck, 3% rail
  • Canada 97% pipeline
  • 75% World Pipeline is in US 65%, Canada 3%, Russia 8%.
  • Oil Production Indonesia 48.44 MT (IEA 2010), Import Crude 19.5MT Import Oil Products 25.9MT = 82 MT

Indonesia data IEA
– 600 oil tankers, capacity of over 6.2 million kL
– 680 road tankers with a total capacity of 111,000 kL (0.1 million kl)
– 1030 rail tankers with a capacity of 25,000 kL in total (0.025 million kl)
– 25 major crude oil terminals and sea storage facilities (capacity 10 mb)
– Pertamina owns 17 main oil terminals (capacity of 88 400 kL or 556 kb/hr or 13,344 kb/d)
– Pipeline flow capacity is 3 520 kL/hr (equivalent to 22 kb/hr or 531 kb/d)

1 Oil Barrel = 158 Liter = 0.158 Kl

The country has 10 refineries with a combined crude distillation capacity of around 1.17 mb/d; eight refineries are operated by Pertamina (some 1 mb/d or 90% of total refining capacity) and the other two are operated by private companies such as TPPI and TWU.

(1) http://www.imo.org/en/KnowledgeCentre/ShipsAndShippingFactsAndFigures/Documents/International%20Shipping%20-%20Facts%20and%20Figures.pdf
(2) https://www.academia.edu/7243254/PERSPEKTIF_3_TRANSPORTASI_LAUT_MARITIM_INDONESIA
https://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2014/04/26/pick-your-poison-for-crude-pipeline-rail-truck-or-boat/#37ea51d17ac8
https://www.loc.gov/rr/business/BERA/issue5/transportation.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pipeline_transport

https://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/freight_shipments_in_america/html/entire.html

https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43653.pdf

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Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Maret 10, 2017 pada 10:02 am

Ditulis dalam Science

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