Anjar Priandoyo

Catatan Setiap Hari

Fuel Transition not Technology Transition

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Transition in the transport sector, mainly refer to fuel transition, not technological transition. For example using sensor to develop intelligent transportation system or using mass transportation instead of personal transportation is not considered as transportation transition. A mechanism to conserve energy such as using better filter or better engine is not, it is a too broad definition of technological transition in transportation sector. The use of piezoelectrity for road or built in with vehicle is another subject for discussion.

The fuel transition can be attributed to clean energy transition (gas) and electric energy transition.

The option for clean energy vehicle are:

  • CNG/LNG Vehicle (Wiki: Natural Gas Vehicle), CNG is cheapest, but need network via pipeline, 22 mill NGV vehicle. In Indonesia CNG introduced for Taxi, sold in SPBG. Avanza konverter kit for CNG around 18 mill IDR ref. In Indonesia introduced in 1986 but not succesfull ref. CNG based vehicle is promoted by pertamina (Envogas) ref around 3,100. International Gas Union (IGU) is world Gas organization. IEA predict that Gas would be around 11% share in 2040
  • LPG Vehicle (Wiki: Autogas), LPG more expensive, easy to stored ref, 16 mill LPG vehicle. LPG tank in Indonesia around 14 mill IDR ref. LPG based vehicle is promoted by pertamina (Vi-gas) ref around 5,100. WLPGA is world LPG association
  • Biodiesel

However this clean energy vehicle might not be attractive in the future ref, where people will move to electric vehicle.

The option for electric vehicle are:

  • Fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV), hydrogen cell, favored by Toyota/Honda ref, ref, fast charging (similar with petrol)
  • Battery electric vehicle (BEV), favored by Tesla, slow in charging 30 minutes

Fuel transition in transportation sector might be more difficult than fuel transition in household sector or industry sector. In US for example 85% fuel is petrol, where 15% are for Gas 4%, Biodiesel 5%, Other 5% (electric, LPG, residual) ref EIA. For comparison in electricity sector, the mix are: 33% gas, coal 30%, nuclear 20%, renewable 15% ref EIA

At this moment Indonesia is rely on petroleum like 99%. In the future it should be shifting to 30% biodiesel, 10% CNG, 10% LPG, 5% Electric, 40% Petrol/Diesel. Well it is impossible.


Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Juni 8, 2017 pada 10:07 am

Ditulis dalam Science

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