Anjar Priandoyo

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Definition – Power

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Power is the capacity to act, ability to act and willingness to act. A person will be called powerless eventough he has willingness and ability but does not have the capacity to act.

Economic power is the power to create and trade values; political power is the power to expropriate and destroy them.

Economic power is exercised by means of a positive, by offering men a reward, an incentive, a payment, a value; political power is exercised by means of a negative, by the threat of punishment, injury, imprisonment, destruction. The businessman’s tool is values; the bureaucrat’s tool is fear.” — Ayn Rand

What is the difference between businessmen and bureaucrats? The symbol of the businessmen is positive — the dollar — given to you voluntarily by trade under capitalism. The symbol of a bureaucrat is a negative — a gun — pointed at you. The man who prefers the gun to the dollar is the man who thinks he will be holding the gun. ref

Social power, defined as “the ability to set standards, create norms and values that are deemed legitimate and desirable, without resorting to coercion or payment

Power as control over valued resources. To analyze power we must define it. Definitions of power as influence define power by its effect. Others have defined power as potential influence. Others have dropped influence from the definition of power altogether and have homed in on power as resource or outcome control. We define power as relative control over another’s valued outcomes ref.

Capitalism economy is system of power. In general, power is the faculty to do or not do something “power to act” (PTA). In interpersonal relation, power is capacity to influence the action of other “power over somebody” (POS). The ontology of economic power in capitalism: mainstream economics and Marx 2007 ref

Power is the ability to define the situation. Symbolic interactionism suggests that one of the main tasks for individuals in interaction is the establishment of a definition of the situation. Individuals can control this definition in three main ways: by behaving in ways consistent with their identity, by influencing the behavior of others, and by resisting the identities that others, in turn, seek to impose on them. It is unlikely, however, that individuals are equally able to control meanings in the situation. Results suggest that those with more power are more able to behave in ways consistent with their identity, more able to impose an identity on their spouse, and more able to resis the identity that the spouse, in turn, seeks to impose. Power and the Ability to Define the Situation (Alicia D. Cast 2003) ref.

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Januari 23, 2022 pada 6:25 am

Ditulis dalam Science

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