Anjar Priandoyo

Catatan Setiap Hari

Group Norms

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“Group norms are the spoken or unspoken rules that guide how team members interact, collaborate effectively, and work efficiently”

When two people interact, they might be share similar characteristics, and as collective have a sense of unity, they already form a group (social group). Therefore, sense of unity is a must, sense of unity to achieve collective goals. However, not all social group have the same level of social cohesion, some of them does not have common goal, not have roles (division of labor), not have status (rank, hierarchy), not have norms (not have motivation to respect the norms, not have the sanctions. norms are shared standards of acceptable behavior by groups).

Once the social group formed, the need to maintain social order is mandatory. Without order, group will fail. Social control is foundation of social order (opposite social chaos, social order is contrasted to social chaos or disorder and refers to a stable state of society in which the existing social structure is accepted and maintained by its members). Coercion (deterrence is for dissuade) is the use of force to persuade someone to do something that they are unwilling to do.

To maintain social order, coercion is exercised. To exercise coercion, power is needed. Symbolic power (symbolic domination, symbolic violence (Pierre Bourdieu) as unconscious modes of social (cultural) domination occurring within the everyday social habits maintained over conscious subjects. Symbolic power accounts for discipline used against another to confirm that individual’s placement in a social hierarchy.

Sociology of Religion:
-Religion was an expression of social cohesion (Durkheim b1858, positivist).
-Religion is best understood as it responds to the human need for theodicy (answer on why there is undeserved good fortune and suffering in the world) and soteriology (answer on salvation – relief from suffering, and reassuring meaning as motivation) (Weber b1864, anti-positivist).
-Religion as both an expression of suffering and a protest against suffering. Marx viewed alienation as the heart of social inequality, (from this objectification (comodification) comes alienation), tendency towards religion as a tool or ideological state apparatus to justify this alienation

Notes: Religion is an agent of social control and thus strengthens social order. Levels of trust are higher in countries with less economic inequality

Wiki: Sociology of religion

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Mei 20, 2022 pada 4:07 am

Ditulis dalam Society

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