Anjar Priandoyo

Simple Advice for Everyone

Posts Tagged ‘Education

There is no link between academia and industry, period

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Thinking that there should be link between academia (industry) with (commercial) industry is just like thinking that there is should be a link between automotive industry and food industry.

Yes, there is a link between rubber industry with automotive industry, one as supplier and one as buyer. The relationship is clear. One can make connection from automotive industry with sport industry as sponsor, but naturally there is no connection, it just a cooperation.

When people saying that there should be a link, it is saying that we need to diversify the business

researchgate ref

PS: There is sciencedirect paper in the link, very good.

*)period used in US, full stop in UK.

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Juli 15, 2016 at 12:01 pm

Ditulis dalam Business

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Indonesian Education Dilemma: Research as Imaginary Activity

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In the past I writes about dilemma of education in Indonesia from three main perspectives:

  • Student: Work preparation (skills, thesis, publication (quality, plagiarism))
  • Lecturer: Career (publication, benefit, linearity, workload ratio)
  • Owner: Business model (competition, student intake)

Student only care on the purpose of education as preparation for their work life. So, student expecting some transferable skills such as analytical skills (problem solving, decision management etc something abstract), interpersonal skills (teamwork, communication, leadership). How about writing paper? -well its too far, its secondary need, its luxury for the student to afford that.

In University, no one care about research
Does student motivated to attend the class because of in the hope that they can know about thermodynamics and quantum mechanics principle? no of course. First, they are expecting getting high mark. Second, if there is no mark, they are expecting they know detail about this subject, so when they work in the future, they know how to speak -being valued higher as having better interpersonal skill with their employeer, which assume that the new employee might fit in working environment.

On the other hand, Lecturer only care about their career, which mean expecting low workload, higher benefit. How about doing research? -well still far, but better than the student. And the last, business owner, in this case the university owner, they never even think about research. They only think about the student intake -which is the foundation of education business. Yes, they care about research but only in a sense as cosmetics, additional benefit to their university business performance.

So who should care about research?
In university, no one care about research. Its like telling the bus driver to wear life jacket. The bus driver never care about life jacket -a bit absurd illustration. The only people that care with life jacket is the government. Because a number of life jacket that used increase the country rating. The number of paper published increase the university ranking.

Another sample on why university never care about research is the fact that the university QS rating is a game that only top university like UI or ITB that care about. Even the fact that the smaller university like UNDIP or UNS that fully published their research paper while the ITB/UI/UGM choosing to limit their research paper by only giving abstract and TOC is strange to me. The logic always work differently. The only explanation why ITB/UI/UGM restrict their paper compare with IPB/UNDIP/UNS that choose to fully open their research paper is because of business competition -which is not about research. No university should even care about research.

What if we expect Government support research?
In the ideal (imaginary) level, the purpose of government is to protect its citizen. But the government is made up by elit people (politician) which having a power from other people -which agree to give their power to them.

But it should be noted that the effort to acumulate this power is very very expensive. Those elit should build its vehicle -a political party. This political party is selling something, they promise something for their voter. They promising wealth, safety and justice. On the practical level, politician promising to give education/health/employment which then translated into number of policies -if they are elected.

So do you think government will support research
If the research is not an issues that common people interested in, research is going nowhere. If no one feel the benefit of research, no one will.

Final question, how to make Indonesian research better?
First, understand what is research, research is expensive, its luxury. It require a society transition, it require fundamental change in culture. Its like a rich person in small village that expecting to have a Ferrari in the dirt bad street. At some point that rich person can afford to buy a Ferrari, but the infrastructure is not ready. He will buy Ferrari to certain purpose -which of course not matter of transportation.

Should we give remote uncontacted tribe an education
As measurement (as a noun, a stastical), research can be understood as indication on which level a society in. However as a activity (as a verb) there is complex interaction behind it. As of 2016 we are on this level

“#57 by number of journal and h-index, #85 by percentage of GDP”

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 25, 2016 at 11:17 am

Ditulis dalam Science

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Once upon a time, a friend of mine, he is PMP and CISA certified asking whether it is possible to have COBIT/PMBOK as PhD topics. He is expert in consulting (know the detail in real life world) and pragmatic (believe in practical framework like COBIT/PMBOK). He think that his experience working with what so called international standard best practice thing, would be useful, and would be an advantage.

My answers is as below:

1. You will never work with PMBOK / COBIT
In undergraduate you will use COBIT to perform IT assessment, you use COBIT. In master degree, you will use COBIT to review the IT assessment performance. But in PhD you will not use COBIT, in Phd you will criticize COBIT. Well if you think that criticize COBIT is against your belief (some consultant having a deep belief with framework), you will have difficulty. Why? because the purpose of PhD is building something better than COBIT -including testing that new framework. And, this is not easy.

If you always think that PMBOK / COBIT is always right, always on the top, always an ideal, utopia and dream. Now its the other way around. COBIT/practical standard has the lowest level of appreciation. Simply, its not peer reviewed, its like dogma.

2. You will work with Theory
If you are thinking that PMBOK has a weakness in interaction area e.g in Culture, then the things that you will be working with is Hofstede Culture Theory as the theoretical framework, not the ‘Culture’ experience you do with PMBOK in the field. If you think that PMBOK has a weakness in the area of implementation, you will work based on Sustainable Urban Theory.

It also goes with COBIT, instead studying COBIT e.g COBIT version 5 or Risk IT or any ISACA or IIA or ISO / BS standard, you will be studying about Governance Theory. Which is totally different things that the -again- what so called standard.

3. The way “research originality” concept work is different than “process improvement” concept
To strengthen this, the Theory is the epicentrum, center and core of PhD. Why? because theory provide a strong background, a falsifiability, a peer review. There is a huge difference between Theory (Culture/Urban/Governane and Standard (COBIT/PMBOK), as huge as difference between Theory (Thermodynamics) and Standard (V6 of BMW). The purpose of Thermodynamics Theory Research is to lead the discovery of Nuclear Energy, but the purpose of V6 Engine Standard Research is to build better V6 Engine or build better V8 Engine.

Theory lead to discovery, Standard lead to improvement, well both are good things.

PMBOK PhD in Civil Engineering

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 22, 2016 at 10:57 am

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Beda Thesis Teknik, Ekonomi dan Sosial – Proyek Akhir S2

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A. Thesis Sistem Informasi
S1 Sistem Informasi: Scoring COBIT (Bagaimana cara mengukur kinerja TI perusahaan dengan COBIT) ref
Tujuan: Bisa mengukur kinerja TI (mengukur kinerja orang TI)
S2 MTI Analisa (Scoring, Mapping) Penerapan Framework COBIT, ISO ref
Tujuan: Bisa mengukur kinerja “kinerja TI” (mengukur kinerja orang audit/security/management TI yang menggunakan COBIT)

B. Thesis Teknik Informasi
S1 Teknik Informasi: Develop / Design System
S2 MTI Analisa (Sistem) ref

C. Thesis Teknik
S1 Energi Elektro: Modelling ETAP/LEAP ref
S2 MT Analisa (Validitas, Reabilitas, ANOVA) Pengelolaan Sampah (Mengevaluasi dan Menilai) ref

C. Thesis Ekonomi/Sosial
S2 umumnya memiliki variable yang lebih kompleks dan metode analisa yang lebih kompleks.
S2 MM ref
S2 M.Ak ref

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 22, 2016 at 9:55 am

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Beda Skripsi Teknik, Ekonomi dan Sosial – Proyek Akhir S1

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Skripsi umumnya diselesaikan dalam waktu 1 semester 3-6 bulan sesuai dengan aturan kampus. Kalau ada orang yang mengatakan skripsinya selesai dalam 1 minggu, mungkin yang dimaksud adalah penulisannya, sementara konsep dan ide sudah disiapkan jauh-jauh sebelumnya. Karena skripsi itu terikat jumlah kata e.g 20.000 dan durasi waktu e.g berapa kali pertemuan.

Waktu saya kuliah dulu, ada mahasiswa yang menyelesaikan skripsi hingga mencapai waktu 2-5 tahun. Mulai dari alasan pribadi karena kesibukan hingga alasan teknis seperti perubahan judul dan konsep.

Mengapa perlu ada bimbingan?
Skripsi pada dasarnya adalah proses belajar, sehingga bimbingan skripsi itu pun merupakan proses belajar. Saya punya banyak cerita, mahasiswa yang IPK-nya sangat tinggi (diatas 3.5) ternyata mengalami kesulitan menyusun skripsi, dulu saya mengira kesulitan itu dikarenakan si mahasiswa tidak terampil mengejar dosen -yang memang rata-rata sulit dihubungi. Tapi, sekarang saya menyimpulkan bahwa penyebabnya bukan karena tidak terampil mengejar dosen, tapi karena secara prinsip belajar dan meneliti adalah hal yang sangat berbeda.

Ada beberapa teman yang IPK sebelum skripsinya 3.5, tapi nilai Skripsinya hanya 3.0, artinya dia lebih pintar belajar daripada meneliti. Atau sebaliknya, IPK sebelum skripsinya 3.0, nilai skripsinya 3.5, artinya dia lebih pintar meneliti.

Gaya menyusun skripsi
Skripsi anak teknik berbeda dibandingkan anak sosial. Anak teknik umumnya membuat dan merancang sesuatu, sementara anak sosial umumnya menguji teori. Sebagai anak teknik, hal ini merupakan kelebihan, karena kemampuan membuat sesuatu ini bisa langsung diaplikasikan dalam dunia kerja -secara umum ya. Kalau melihat secara netral, umumnya anak teknik mengklaim bahwa anak teknik lebih baik dalam Problem Solving, karena anak teknik terbiasa mengkonsep sesuatu. Sementara anak sosial umumnya mengklaim lebih dalam Decision Making, karena argumennya konsep sudah jelas, memutuskan adalah yang paling sulit

A. Skripsi Teknik: Membuat
A1. Skripsi Teknik, Contoh, Pengembangan Sistem Informasi
Dasar Teori: Umum, menjelaskan apa itu sistem informasi dan komponen-komponennya
Hipotesis: Tidak ada (dalam versi lain, hipotesis bahwa sistem ini akan berfungsi)
Tujuan: Membuat (dalam versi lain, menguji bahwa sistem ini berfungsi)

A2. Skripsi Teknik: Contoh, Merancang Mesin

B. Skripsi Sains: Menguji: Ekonomi, Matematika, Sosial

B1. Skripsi Ekonomi
Skripsi Ekonomi, Contoh, Analisa Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Keputusan
Dasar Teori: Umum, menjelaskan apa yang mempengaruhi pembuatan keputusan
Hipotesis: Wajib (menduga dampak atas perubahan variable)
Tujuan: Menguji Hipotesis melalui penelitian (survey, questionnaire, data)
Approach: Quantitative

B2. Skripsi Matematika
Contoh, Model VAR dan Penerapannya
Dasar Teori: Spesifik (dari sisi matematika), Umum dari sisi terapan

B3. Skripsi Sosial
Skripsi Sosial, Contoh, Analisa Inovasi yang mempengaruhi Keputusan
Dasar Teori: Spesifik, cenderung konseptual e.g Roger Diffussion of Innovation Theory
Hipotesis: Wajib
Tujuan: Menguji Hipotesis melalui penelitian (interview, semistructured interview)
Approach: Qualitative

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 22, 2016 at 6:23 am

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Keahlian yang paling penting

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Apa keahlian yang saya inginkan?
Dulu, saya biasanya melihat dari sisi bisnis. Kalau bicara sektor, saya merasa cukup menguasai sektor perbankan, energi dan telekomunikasi. Kalau bicara mengenai bidang (services), saya merasa cukup menguasai dalam bidang teknologi, manajemen risiko dan project management.

Sekarang, saya sedang belajar untuk melihat dari sisi kemasyarakatan. Kalau bicara sektor, saya sedang belajar dalam sektor energi dan sedikit mengenai listrik. Kalau bicara mengenai bidang, saya sedang belajar dalam bidang lingkungan, kesehatan dan ekonomi.

Apakah bisnis dan kemasyarakatan berbeda?
Di bisnis yang dilihat dimensi peningkatan pendapatan dan efisiensi (pengurangan biaya), di kemasyarakatan yang dilihat dimensi keseimbangan pengembangan (development) dan dampaknya (impact). Di bisnis fokusnya adalah keuntungan (profit) di masyarakat fokusnya adalah keseimbangan (sustainability, sustainable development, berkah).

Di bisnis, fokusnya adalah keuntungan. Karena keuntungan adalah mutlak, merupakan selisih antara pendapatan dan biaya. Jika pendapatan 10, biaya 4, maka keuntungan mutlak adalah 6. Sementara di masyarakat, jika 10 orang berhasil, 4 orang gagal, maka yang terjadi adalah konflik antara dua kelompok orang. Bahkan 4 orang gagal tadi bisa mengancam 10 orang yang berhasil atau sebaliknya, yang 10 orang akan menghancurkan yang 4 orang tadi.

Dalam menyelesaikan masalah kemasyarakatan apa cara (fokus) yang harus ditempuh?
Dalam kemasyarakatan maka semua kepentingan harus diakomodir. Contohnya bila 4 orang yang gagal tadi maka harus mendapatkan perhatian khusus, agar tidak membahayakan yang 10 orang. Karena pada dasarnya semua orang adalah sama, dan sama dihadapan hukum. Sementara dalam bisnis, kepentingan yang harus diakomodir adalah kepentingan bisnis, dalam hal ini adalah mencari keuntungan.

Wah berarti kemasyarakatan lebih sulit dong dari bisnis?
Iya, betul sekali. Kemasyarakatan lebih sulit dari pada berbisnis. Dimana hal yang paling mendasar adalah orang harus bisa berlaku adil bagi dirinya sendiri dan ini amat sulit untuk dilakukan. Semoga saya bisa melaluinya.

Wah lebih enak jagoan kemasyarakatan dong, dari pada jagoan bisnis?
Ya dua-duanya baik, dan dua-duanya efektif pada waktunya. Contoh dalam bisnis prinsip profit bisa diterapkan dalam menyusun anggaran tahunan, mana aktivitas yang profit mana aktivitas yang beban. Namun dalam menyusun rencana jangka panjang, pertimbangan profit tidak semata cukup, diperlukan juga sudut pandang yang lebih jauh, sudut pandang sustainability e.g misalnya kontrak kerjasama antara IBM PC dan Microsoft OS, atau antara Mercedes dan Bosch.

Jadi apa keahlian yang saya inginkan?
Sabar, belajar bersabar dan mengendalikan diri

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 4, 2016 at 10:01 pm

Ditulis dalam Life

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Understanding Science

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Framing: “Everything related: Causal, Controversial, Impact”

A. Understanding Causal (case of Scientific Revolution History)
Quora, Why did the Scientific Revolution occur in Western Europe between 1543-1687? Why did the scientific revolution only occur in Europe? Why didn’t China undergo a scientific revolution as in the West? Why did Europe develop before the rest of the world? Economic History: Why did Asia miss the Industrial Revolution that began in the 18th century? Reddit, ELI5:Why did industrial revolution occured in Europe and not India or China? Baca entri selengkapnya »

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Januari 29, 2016 at 11:08 am

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