Anjar Priandoyo

Catatan Setiap Hari

Posts Tagged ‘Environment

Filsafat Lingkungan

leave a comment »

Dari berbagai bidang keilmuan yang ada saya memutuskan untuk mengambil ilmu lingkungan (environment science), lebih tepatnya filsafat lingkungan. Kesan yang saya tangkap mengenai ilmu lingkungan adalah petualangan, kegiatan dilapangan dan segala aktivitas diluar sana yang penuh tantangan. Bayangan saya mirip dengan pencinta alam yang gemar mendaki gunung.

Kesan ini semakin kuat saya dapatkan setelah melihat bahwa kegiatan perkuliahan yang dilakukan oleh mahasiswa ilmu lingkungan adalah berkunjung ke kutub utara (arctic) untuk mengambil sampel di lautan es (sea ice) untuk melihat bagaimana kandungan oksigen di langit jutaan tahun yang lalu. Kegiatan resmi perkuliahan yang lain dilakukan dengan mengambil sample tanah ditepi pantai untuk melihat bagaimana muka bumi ratusan juta tahun yang lalu.

Kalau berpetualang kurang populer, maka image David Attenborough yang hingga usia 90 tahun tetap berpetualang, dengan foto dan video yang mengcengankan mengenai planet bumi dari sudut paling dalam, mengenai potret bumi dari satelit NASA memberikan gambaran betapa menariknya bidang ilmu lingkungan ini.

Namun melihat ilmu lingkungan layaknya Indiana Jones, sama halnya melihat ilmu komputer dari kacamata Bill Gates. Petualang lingkungan sama seperti Hacker komputer, adalah kesan yang sama-sama populer yang didapatkan dari sebuah bidang ilmu pengetahuan.

Kenyatannya?

Kenyataannya, Ilmu Komputer sendiri harus dibagi antara SI (IS, Aplikasi, AI) dan TI (OS, DB, Jaringan). Sama seperti Lingkungan yang harus dibagi antara dimensi obyeknya (Air, Water, Solid Waste) atau dari dimensi prosesnya (Rekayasa, Sanitasi). Ini sama dengan Komputer yang membagi antara dimensi obyek (Apps, OS, BD) atau dimensi prosesnya (Rekayasa, Design)

Perbedaannya?
Perbedaan antara ilmu lingkungan dengan ilmu komputer, yang paling mendasar adalah perbedaan tujuan. Ini terlihat dari faktor institutional pendukungnya. Komputer relatif tidak diatur oleh pemerintah, sementara Lingkungan yang sama dengan Ekonomi, Hukum atau Ilmu Sosial diatur oleh pemerintah, lewat lembaga dan standarisasi. Jadi, di Lingkungan ada konsep Emission Inventory. Yang diatur oleh pemerintah (e.g IPCC, KLH), yang disusun dengan tujuan tertentu (e.g EMEP/EEA, GAP Forum, Atmospheric Brown Cloud)

http://envirodiary.com/id/modul-ajar/inventarisasi-emisi
http://www.menlh.go.id/DATA/csr_pi_2012/download/DRAFT%20FINAL%20PEDOMAN%20TEKNIS%20PENYUSUNAN%20INVENTARISASI%20EMISI%20(1).pdf
http://www.rrcap.ait.asia/Publications/ABC%20Emission%20Inventory%20Manual.pdf

Iklan

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

April 28, 2017 at 10:07 am

Ditulis dalam Science

Tagged with

Indonesia Sanitation and Water

leave a comment »

2016 Sanitation Access 70%, Water Access 70% ref Bappenas
2014 Sanitation Access 61%, Water Access 68% ref

Basic Sanitation Access (Toilet) 70% ref
– Latrine
– Septic Tank
– Anaerobic Reactor / Deep Lagoon
– Aerobic Treatment Plant
– Untreated (Sea, River or Lake Discharge)

Very good reading by Prayatni Soewondo

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Oktober 18, 2016 at 12:59 pm

Ditulis dalam Uncategorized

Tagged with

Waste

leave a comment »

“As of 2015, an average person in Indonesia produces 0.7 kilogram of waste per day. With 250 million people, a staggering 175,000 tons of waste is produced each day, amounting to 64 million tons per year, according to data from the ministry. This waste is mostly (69%) dumped into landfill” ref

Plastic Waste estimate around 14% from total waste. Planned for landfill in 2019 become 25% (from current 69%)

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Oktober 18, 2016 at 12:34 pm

Ditulis dalam Uncategorized

Tagged with

Environmental quality is a powerful determinant of health expenditure

leave a comment »

Environmental quality is a powerful determinant of health expenditure in developing countries, Yahaya et al 2015, from a social sciences journal, using 125 health care data developing countries.

Environmental assessment of energy production from landfill gas plants by using Long-range Energy Alternative Planning (LEAP) and IPCC methane estimation methods

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Juli 15, 2016 at 12:13 pm

Ditulis dalam Science

Tagged with ,

Air Pollution Impact: Health Costs

leave a comment »

Yesterday, I attend a discussion on air pollution. It was interesting event due to the panelist come from two different perspective. The first group is from health economics (Epidemiologist), the second group is from environmental economics (Ecologist). The main speaker (or the third group) is from Economics (economist) that study air pollution.

The challenges that we face such as:
– How to quantify human health in term of monetary e.g 200,000 USD
– How to ensure that policy can be implemented (will developing countries able to follow)
– How is our understanding with the current air pollution pattern

My response, I am quite surprise (still), that a lot of people thinking the air pollution solution, from the perspective in quantitative measurement (market failure, taxation) to health and ecology in general. The biggest challenge I think is not only on the scientific level, but also in implementation level. For example how my country able to react in the same “awareness” like other country did.

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Mei 17, 2016 at 10:32 am

Ditulis dalam Science

Tagged with

Indonesia’s Future

leave a comment »

Park
The first thing that I read in the morning is an opinion. Whether from Economist, World Bank report, or a scientific paper. A scientific paper for example, when I read “Becoming” an environmentalist in Indonesia (Nilan & Wibawanto, 2015), I read the word “complex” in “Uncovers complex new ground; decentred, diverse local urban environmental activism”, bigger than any other word.

When I read Governance Institutions, Resource Rights Regimes, and the Informal Mining Sector: Regulatory Complexities in Indonesia (Spiegel, 2011), the same “complex” word is bigger than any of other words. Indonesia’s future is complicated.

Newspaper also the same, whether it is a local newspaper (Kompas/Jakarta Post) or international such as Economist provide an opinion, and any opinion on social policy is complicated.

Industrial policy will be challenged by the status quo of traditional economy. The environment policy will be challenged by both of rich and poor people.

Studying about policy, even it looks scientific, technological aspects e.g internet policy, the use of clean energy policy is at the end policy study, it is a social science, and social science always complicated.

When I am still in University, one of my friend said that he does not want to be programmer, simply because he does not want to sleep late every night to solve a computational problem. He said that being programmer challenge is different than becoming a system admin. In programming you will think the solution of your problem even in your dream –on why some debugging is not work.

Technically social sciences faces the same challenge, they also cannot sleep well before problem being solved. But when programmer thinking the algorithm (how things should be work), the social sciences problem is not the algorithm, it is how to convincing people on things that should be work. And convincing, whether it is a technology, business or social policy is difficult.

Any social policy such as health, education, environment, employment even law and policing is complicated as convincing people.

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Mei 15, 2016 at 4:07 am

Ditulis dalam Uncategorized

Tagged with

Short-lived Pollutant

leave a comment »

Finding a balance of energy and climate expectation is never ending game. A series of global policy might not be well translated in to the country level. And even worse, when it translates from national level into the province level the deployment of policy is not always as expected. With the number of certain energy and environmental target it is not surprisingly that a lot of initiative might miss reaching its target.

In the energy climate game, the role of Indonesia in global environment and climate is important. Indonesia is world tenth biggest CO2 emitter based on burning of fossil fuels and fifth biggest greenhouse gas emitter if including land-use change and forestry. As developing countries on the national level the priority of Indonesia government mainly on energy access and energy security, knowing the fact that Indonesia electrification ratio is around 80.51%, declining national oil production and lack of energy infrastructure such as gas pipeline or fuel distribution network. Baca entri selengkapnya »

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

April 12, 2016 at 10:47 am

Ditulis dalam Uncategorized

Tagged with