Anjar Priandoyo

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Posts Tagged ‘Psychology

Psychoanalysis – Freud vs Jung

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What does a woman want?
The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is “What does a woman want?” Sigmund Freud

Compulsive Incompetence.” For example, Socrates was an outstanding teacher but a terrible defence attorney

The brighter the light, the darker the shadow
Einstein is terrible husband ref

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

April 10, 2022 at 7:51 pm

Ditulis dalam Science

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Bagaimana mengelola stress – Thresholds

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Concept: Fight or flight or freeze response, Cumulative Thresholds for Aggression, Acceptance Thresholds

Mengelola stress sebenarnya sederhana saja. Ini adalah reaksi Fight-or-flight response (fight-or-flight-or-freeze, hyperarousal, the acute stress response). This response is recognised as the first stage of the general adaptation syndrome that regulates stress responses among vertebrates and other organisms. Self-control, an aspect of inhibitory control, is the ability to regulate one’s emotions, thoughts, and behavior in the face of temptations and impulses.As an executive function, it is a cognitive process that is necessary for regulating one’s behavior in order to achieve specific goals.

Self-control, an aspect of inhibitory control, is the ability to regulate one’s emotions, thoughts, and behavior in the face of temptations and impulses. As an executive function, it is a cognitive process that is necessary for regulating one’s behavior in order to achieve specific goals. The self-control theory of crime, often referred to as the general theory of crime, is a criminological theory about the lack of individual self-control as the main factor behind criminal behavior.

Cricket fights conform to the cumulative assessment model. We propose that the decision to fight or flee in crickets is controlled simply by relative behavioral thresholds. Rewarding experiences increase the propensity to fight to a level determined by the modulatory action of octopamine

Agonistic behaviour is any social behaviour related to fighting. The term has broader meaning than aggressive behaviour because it includes threats, displays, retreats, placation, and conciliation. Agonistic related to hostility, aggresivity behavior. Aggression is overt or covert, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other harm upon another individual; although it can be channeled into creative and practical outlets for some

In biology, a dominance hierarchy (formerly and colloquially called a pecking order) is a type of social hierarchy that arises when members of animal social groups interact, creating a ranking system. A dominant higher-ranking individual is sometimes called an alpha, and the submissive lower-ranking individual a beta. Different types of interactions can result in dominance depending on the species, including ritualized displays of aggression or direct physical violence

The decision to fight or flee – insights into underlying mechanism in crickets ref.

In biology, a dominance hierarchy (formerly and colloquially called a pecking order) is a type of social hierarchy that arises when members of animal social groups interact, creating a ranking system. A dominant higher-ranking individual is sometimes called an alpha, and the submissive lower-ranking individual a beta. Different types of interactions can result in dominance depending on the species, including ritualized displays of aggression or direct physical violence

According to the competitive exclusion principle, species less suited to compete for resources must either adapt or die out

Learned helplessness is behavior exhibited by a subject after enduring repeated aversive stimuli beyond their control. It was initially thought to be caused from the subject’s acceptance of their powerlessness: discontinuing attempts to escape or avoid the aversive stimulus, even when such alternatives are unambiguously presented.

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

April 3, 2022 at 5:37 pm

Ditulis dalam Life

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Emotion basically is our subjective interpretation of our world. Subjective, as it might be interpreted differently (I like sushi, but if I eat it everyday will get bored). Subjective, as it means that it is unreliable, it is biased, for example the measurement of weather which is not accurate (today is hot, but yesterday is hotter). Subjective as it mental states (that can be changed).

Emotion can affect creativity and interaction (Emotional issues is relationship issues). A successful political engagement at its core is a emotion manipulation, where to higher degree a symbol manipulation.

Machine is the best solution for a physical problem (lifting heavy object), machine such as calculator is the best solution for intelectual problem. However emotion could not be replace by machine. As emotion is attribute to human. There is no human that have better emotional inteligence than other human. There is physical and intelectual superiority, but there is no emotion (attribute to individual) or social (attribute to group) superiority.

So how deal with human? wikipedia will not satisfy human need (as Wiki is intellectual). Human will only interested in other human. If emotion is excluded from human, all the human problem will be dissappear. In order to be succedd, human does not need emotion. Although capacity for symbolic thought can be improved by playing music, painting or writing.

Manipulation in Close Relationships: Five Personality Factors in Interactional Context
-Surgency (Coercion, Responsibility, Invocation), Desurgency (Debasement),
-Agreeableness (Pleasure Induction), Disagreeableness (Coercion),
-Conscientiousness (Reason),
-Emotional Instability (Regression)
-Intellect-Openness (Reason)

Emotion: mental states brought on by neurophysiological changes, variously associated with thoughts, feelings, behavioural responses, and a degree of pleasure or displeasure. There is currently no scientific consensus on a definition.

Cognitive: the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses (listening, speaking, NLP, sentiment analysis (understanding emotions and feelings), image recognition).

Emotional manipulation occurs when a manipulative person seeks power over someone else and employs dishonest or exploitive strategies to gain it

Ref: Quora: Could artificial intelligence develop emotions, Can AI ever become conscious, Can AI ever replace human creativity in art?

Could AI develop emotions?
Could AI become conscious? no, as AI is not worry about death
At present, the answer to this question ultimately rests upon a certain belief of the person answering it, namely, the belief as to whether or not consciousness is fundamentally physical in nature.

Stage: Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social

Theory of Psychological Development
-Perceptual Development: Eleanor Gibson
-Emotional Development: John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth, Harry Harlow
-Cognitive Development: Jean Piaget
-Moral Development: Lawrence Kohlberg
-Psychosocial Development: Erik Erikson

Cognitive: Piaget’s Preoperational Stage and Symbolic Thought
-Sensori Motor (0-2 years old): Coordination of senses with motor responses, sensory curiosity about the world.
-Preoperational (2-7 years old): Symbolic thinking, use proper syntax and grammar to express concepts.
-Concrete Operational (7-11 years old): Time, space and quantity
-Formal Operational (>11 years old): Theoretical, hypothetical, counterfactual thinking. Abstract logic and reasoning.

Emotion: John Bowlby Attachment Theory
-Preattachment (birth to 6 weeks): sensory prefaces bring infants close to parents
-Attachment in the making (6 weeks to 6-8 months): infants develop stranger anxiety, differentiating from those they know and those they do not.
-Clear-cut attachment (6-8 months to 18 months-2 years): infant develops separation anxiety when a person he is attached to leaves him
-Goal-corrected partnership (18 months on): toddlers create reciprocal relationships with their mothers

Socio-Emotion: Erikson’s Social-Emotional Development Theory (hopes, will, purpose, competence, fidelity, love, care, wisdom)

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 22, 2022 at 4:46 pm

Ditulis dalam Science

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Organization – Dysfunctional workplace

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Stream 1: Authoritarian (To many rules)
– Truth handling: honest
– Style: Narcissist (love self) 6)Arrogant 3)Deceiver 7)Mercernaries
– Style to subordinate: 1)Exploiter
– Strength: Culture
– Weakness:

Stream 2: Chaotic (No rules, Anarchy)
– Truth handling: liar 2)Imposter
– Style: Ignorant
– Style to subordinate: Escapism 4)Bystander, coward

1.The Rebel, driven by confidence, becomes the Imposter, plagued by self-doubt.
2.The Explorer, fueled by intuition, becomes the Exploiter, master of manipulation.
3.The Truth Teller, who embraces candor, becomes the Deceiver, who creates suspicion.
4.The Hero, embodying courage, becomes the Bystander, an outright coward.
5.The Inventor, brimming with integrity, becomes the Destroyer, who is morally corrupt.
6.The Navigator, trusts and is trusted, becomes the Fixer, endlessly arrogant.
7.The Knight, for whom loyalty is everything, becomes the Mercenary, who is perpetually self-serving.

How to survive chaotic enviroment
1. The objective is to survive in the system, not to change the system
2. Do not try to create a rules -chaotic means does not have any rules
3. Even in the most chaotic environment there is a weakness. A system is become something (either authoritarian or chaotic) is the most efficient way of the organization to sustain

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

April 30, 2021 at 5:58 pm

Ditulis dalam Career

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Organization – Homo Homini Lupus

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Beberapa hari yang lalu, saat wawancara, saya mendapatkan pertanyaan sederhana:

1.Apa yang kamu lakukan jika banyak karyawan datang terlambat kerja?
Jawaban yang diberikan ternyata beragam, pada umumnya “better management is better/more control”.
– Potong gaji (punishment), beri penghargaan (reward) bagi yang datang tepat waktu. (management/rules/process) (zero cost, increase stress), hire consultant 50 juta (capex)
– Bikin sistem absensi (technology). Misalnya biayanya 100 juta (capex)
– Rekrut satpam untuk mengawasi karyawan, rekrut petugas resepsionis (management/resources). Misalnya gajinya 10 juta per bulan (opex)

Padahal dari pertanyaan ini ada beberapa hal besar yang tidak semuanya terjawab misalnya, mengapa karyawan terlambat. Apakah karena mereka tidak termotivasi? kalau tidak termotivasi, maka rekomendasi apapun tidak akan efektif.

2.Apa yang kamu lakukan jika terlibat dalam proyek besar dan kompleks?
Jawabannya juga beragam:
– More control: Mengadakan meeting setiap hari, melakukan update status setiap jam (management/micro). (zero cost, increase stress)
– Memberikan training work/life balance. (low budget – vs big budget) misal biaya 5 juta

3.Jika kamu seorang guru, apa yang akan kamu lakukan jika pinsil sering hilang?
(karena pinsil itu kecil, harganya murah, semua orang membutuhkan, akibatnya sering hilang)
– Mewajibkan pinsil diberi nama (less control: roles-responsibility/ownership)
– Membuat fungsi polisi pinsil, ada orang yang mencatat pinsil beredar (more control/supervision)
– Siswa tidak diwajibkan membawa pinsil, pinsil adalah inventaris kelas (no control)

Pas Band feat. Bunga Citra Lestari – Kumerindu
Marjinal – Negri Ngeri
Missing Pencil ref

give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime
Ignorance is illusion of knowledge

  1. Stop organizational politics
  2. Stop setting unclear expectations
  3. Stop unnecessary rules
  4. Stop poorly designed work
  5. Stop unproductive meetings
  6. Stop the lack of follow-up
  7. Stop the constant change
  8. Stop the internal competition
  9. Stop being dishonest
  10. Stop the hypocrisy
  11. Stop withholding information
  12. Stop being unfair
  13. Stop discouraging employee ideas and suggestions
  14. Stop criticizing
  15. Stop underutilizing your people
  16. Stop tolerating poor performance
  17. Stop taking employees for granted
  18. Stop being invisible
  19. Stop over-controlling
  20. Stop benefits takeaways
  21. Stop forcing employees to do poor quality work

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Desember 4, 2020 at 12:05 pm

Ditulis dalam Career

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Superiority in modern times

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Moral Superiority (Mental)

  • Endurance during conflict. Conflict is defined as clash of interest. Most conflict can not be solved, the superior can go through this condition without being burned out. Wiki: Conflict is rarely seen as constructive. Conflict include known opposing interests and the process of trying to stop the opposing view or views.
  • Flexibility during ambiguity. Most of modern situation is based on ambiguity. The most efficient decision should be taken based on adaptability on the latest complex dynamics, not based on past, and no longer irrelevant data.

Volatility (speed of changes), uncertainty (multi-factor-future), complexity (multi-factor-present) and ambiguity (multi-interpretation)
V = Volatility: the nature and dynamics of change, and the nature and speed of change forces and change catalysts.
U = Uncertainty: the lack of predictability, the prospects for surprise, and the sense of awareness and understanding of issues and events.
C = Complexity: the multiplex of forces, the confounding of issues, no cause-and-effect chain and confusion that surrounds organization.
A = Ambiguity: the haziness of reality, the potential for misreads, and the mixed meanings of conditions; cause-and-effect confusion.

The Illusion of Moral Superiority (Ben M. Tappin and Ryan T. McKay)

Virtually all individuals irrationally inflated their moral qualities, and the absolute and relative magnitude of this irrationality was greater than that in the other domains of positive self-evaluation. Inconsistent with prevailing theories of overly positive self-belief, irrational moral superiority was not associated with self-esteem. Taken together, these findings suggest that moral superiority is a uniquely strong and prevalent form of “positive illusion,” but the underlying function remains unknown

Moral superiority is the belief or attitude that one’s position and actions are justified by having higher moral values than others. It can refer to:
– Morality, when two systems of morality are compared
– Self-righteousness, when proclamations of moral superiority become a negative personal trait
– Superiority complex, when the moral superiority is a psychological reaction to insecurity and self-doubt

Technical Superiority (Knowledge)
A technical superiority is a capacity superiority, an ability to absorb as many as it can, an ability to perform as many as it able body can, an ability to perform more iteration than other non superior. Ability to solve complex perform by iteration of creative permutation.

Industrial Superiority (Robotic)
An ability to be machine like performance, machine like consistency, discipline and focus.

Social Superiority
– Social Construct (given) An ability beneath moral and technical superiority which coming from the social construction. Social Superiority is the weakest, it is a feudal superiority.
– Social Skills (attained) aka Machiavellian Intelligence

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Oktober 10, 2020 at 11:22 am

Ditulis dalam Society

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Psychological School of Thought

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Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought

Wiki: List of psychological schools

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Desember 3, 2018 at 4:13 pm

Ditulis dalam Society

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Biasanya, antar teman sekolah penggolongan teman dilakukan berdasarkan pertimbangan seni. Orang yang main gitarnya bagus, suaranya ok dan pintar menggambar biasanya disebut sebagai “seniman”. Tipe seperti ini memang terlihat dengan jelas disekolah. Awal kelas 2 misalnya, ada satu orang yang pintar main gitar si A namanya, kemudian tiba-tiba ada anak B yang sama sekali belum pernah pegang gitar, atau hanya satu dua kali tiba-tiba bisa menirukan sebuah lagu dengan cepat. Penggolongan ini juga dilakukan secara sederhana dengan otak kiri dan otak kanan.

Semakin dewasa, penggolongan menjadi lebih kompleks tidak hanya dari sisi seni saja. Tapi paling tidak sampai empat golongan, seperti dikenal dengan MBTI (MyersBriggs) yang membagi dalam 4 golongan besar, yang tiap golongannya ada 2 ekstrim. Artinya ini menjadi 16 tipe sifat manusia. Mulai dari bagaimana dia berpikir (logic/natural), bagaimana dia merasakan (detail/intuition), bagaimana menilai (judging/perceive) hingga bagaimana berinteraksi (introvet/extrovet). MBTI meski menarik, tapi juga penuh kritik, saya sendiri tidak pernah tahu tipe MBTI saya apa. Kalaupun pernah saya mungkin sudah lupa.

Sebenarnya dari pada MBTI, saya melihat DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) justru lebih efektif untuk melihat personality manusia. Lebih efektif karena DSM-5 melihat dampak yang kelihatan, bukan melihat apa yang tersembunyi. Score apapun dari MBTI tidak akan mempengaruhi cara kerja seseorang, tapi score DSM-5 jelas mempengaruhi kerja dan kehidupan seseorang.

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Maret 26, 2016 at 2:00 pm

Ditulis dalam Business

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