Anjar Priandoyo

Simple Advice for Everyone

Posts Tagged ‘Research

Why some research is very clear

with one comment

matrix

  1. GUESSING GAME (SCIENTIST). It guess and simulate correlation. Its explanatory research, its natural science. Its performed in controlled environment. no human involved. (Discovery of new phenomenon, empirical)
    a. guess: arsenic MIGHT kill human (guessing part is difficult, its a protoresults, no one ever guess it before)
    b. method: testing the effect of arsenic to grass (plant) or worm (animal). expecting positive result(correlation between arsenic dosage with death)
    c. result: arsenic 98% kill human, theory

  2. MODELLING GAME. (MATHEMATICIAN). It model and compare. (Discovery of new method)
    a. guess: – (something will be better)
    b. method: – (compare)
    c. results: method, theory

  3. BUILDING GAME. (ENGINEER).
    a. guess: – (something will be built)
    b. method: – (doing)
    c. result: – (product, no theory / replicable concept)

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Maret 19, 2016 at 7:37 am

Ditulis dalam Science

Tagged with

There is no spoon

leave a comment »

A man is never satisfied, a man is always try to improve.

Professional Degree, a man that use spoon to live. A teacher is a person that teach knowledge

  • Bachelor is a man that can eat using spoon.
  • Master is a man that can eat using spoon and fork. When he decided using spoon, master is his highest (terminal) degree
  • Doctor is a man that can eat using spoon, fork and chopstick. When He decided using spoon, doctor is his highest (terminal) degree

Both of bachelor, master and doctor has the same skills of using spoon. When doctor know that there is better alternative instead of spoon. It does not mean that he has better skills. Even if they all 50 years old. The doctor is the one that has lower skills.

Research Degree, a man that in love with spoon. A researcher is a person that expand knowledge

  • Bachelor is a man that can eat using spoon. He thinks that spoon is not enough
  • Master is a man that can eat using spoon and fork. He thinks that there are many way to use spoon
  • Doctor is a man that can eat using spoon, fork and chopstick. He thinks that the way to use spoon can be changed

Both of bachelor, master and doctor has the same skills of using spoon. The doctor is the one that has better knowledge, because he thinks longer and bigger than the other.

So how this in practical life
An accountant might perform recording of transaction correctly in their systems.

An accountant might decided to took master degree to help him understand classification of account.

  • If the results of master degree is helping him to have better performance, master degree is terminal degree. Is a career booster.
  • If the results of master degree is changing him to have better understanding, master degree is research degree. Is a career changer.

When he decided to took doctor degree, its also goes the same. It can be a career booster or career changer.

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Maret 9, 2016 at 11:15 am

Ditulis dalam Science

Tagged with

What is Research

leave a comment »

loopback

Research is only a very small part of political economy circumstances. And performing research is not cheap, it is very expensive.

  • An economist, by using nothing but his spreadsheet might induce a theory that liberal education might increase GDP. His expecting that government should build new school that teach liberal education. Will the government buy it? no if its against their political vision. The best way is to secure the buyer first, ensure that there is an institution that will buy the product.

  • An energy researcher, by using simple device might deduce a new way to generate electricity by using new solar panel. Will any Indonesian business willing to buy this new method? of course not. There is a supplier chain, there is market.

  • A computer scientist, by using nothing but his computer might develop new algorithm that can make google searching method 200% faster. What can he do? the best he can do is apply for google. It is impossible to compete with google.

What if we have a lot of money
Assume that we have 10 million USD to perform an accurate research on the new palm oil variety that grow 150% faster. Will the industry buy it? well there is a lot of missing point there, on the commercial price, on the patent. Even, I could not imagine that the case like that will be happened.

Image from YN Harari Book, Sapiens.

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 25, 2016 at 6:50 am

Ditulis dalam Science

Tagged with

Everybody problem: Data vs Theory, Deduction vs Induction

leave a comment »

In my life I trained for using dogma, standard and rule. My father always told me to wake up early, to clean the leaves in garden. I always trained to report to him that I have doing my chores. I am trained to follow the rule and reporting the result.

But now, there is a thing called theory, where instead asking What I need to do, I should ask Why I need to do that – something that is not common in my life. Instead asking for data, I need to ask for explanation (theory).

And things is getting worst. I was trained to concluded something. If I did not clean the leaves, my father will angry. If I work fast, my father would be happy. But now I need to think that the reason of my father instruction is to teach me responsibility (instead to make the house clean, as my understanding), so I expected to induce that there is other alternative instead taking the leaves to teach me responsibility.

Its about critical thinking. Thinking the way around. But for the rest of my life, I never thought that way. I never criticize.

Well, in my defense, the things that might be useful, is if its applied research. A practical research instead of basic/fundamental research. Hopefullly I can catch up this.

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 24, 2016 at 11:45 am

Ditulis dalam Science

Tagged with

What is Research

leave a comment »

saunder-research-onion

Research is about philosophies and approaches.
Some people doing basic research, while some others doing applied research. I stand up for applied research.

Image from Saunders 2009 Research Method

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 23, 2016 at 10:15 pm

Ditulis dalam Science

Tagged with ,

Beda Thesis Teknik, Ekonomi dan Sosial – Proyek Akhir S2

leave a comment »

A. Thesis Sistem Informasi
S1 Sistem Informasi: Scoring COBIT (Bagaimana cara mengukur kinerja TI perusahaan dengan COBIT) ref
Tujuan: Bisa mengukur kinerja TI (mengukur kinerja orang TI)
S2 MTI Analisa (Scoring, Mapping) Penerapan Framework COBIT, ISO ref
Tujuan: Bisa mengukur kinerja “kinerja TI” (mengukur kinerja orang audit/security/management TI yang menggunakan COBIT)

B. Thesis Teknik Informasi
S1 Teknik Informasi: Develop / Design System
S2 MTI Analisa (Sistem) ref

C. Thesis Teknik
S1 Energi Elektro: Modelling ETAP/LEAP ref
S2 MT Analisa (Validitas, Reabilitas, ANOVA) Pengelolaan Sampah (Mengevaluasi dan Menilai) ref

C. Thesis Ekonomi/Sosial
S2 umumnya memiliki variable yang lebih kompleks dan metode analisa yang lebih kompleks.
S2 MM ref
S2 M.Ak ref

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 22, 2016 at 9:55 am

Ditulis dalam Job

Tagged with ,

Beda Skripsi Teknik, Ekonomi dan Sosial – Proyek Akhir S1

leave a comment »

Skripsi umumnya diselesaikan dalam waktu 1 semester 3-6 bulan sesuai dengan aturan kampus. Kalau ada orang yang mengatakan skripsinya selesai dalam 1 minggu, mungkin yang dimaksud adalah penulisannya, sementara konsep dan ide sudah disiapkan jauh-jauh sebelumnya. Karena skripsi itu terikat jumlah kata e.g 20.000 dan durasi waktu e.g berapa kali pertemuan.

Waktu saya kuliah dulu, ada mahasiswa yang menyelesaikan skripsi hingga mencapai waktu 2-5 tahun. Mulai dari alasan pribadi karena kesibukan hingga alasan teknis seperti perubahan judul dan konsep.

Mengapa perlu ada bimbingan?
Skripsi pada dasarnya adalah proses belajar, sehingga bimbingan skripsi itu pun merupakan proses belajar. Saya punya banyak cerita, mahasiswa yang IPK-nya sangat tinggi (diatas 3.5) ternyata mengalami kesulitan menyusun skripsi, dulu saya mengira kesulitan itu dikarenakan si mahasiswa tidak terampil mengejar dosen -yang memang rata-rata sulit dihubungi. Tapi, sekarang saya menyimpulkan bahwa penyebabnya bukan karena tidak terampil mengejar dosen, tapi karena secara prinsip belajar dan meneliti adalah hal yang sangat berbeda.

Ada beberapa teman yang IPK sebelum skripsinya 3.5, tapi nilai Skripsinya hanya 3.0, artinya dia lebih pintar belajar daripada meneliti. Atau sebaliknya, IPK sebelum skripsinya 3.0, nilai skripsinya 3.5, artinya dia lebih pintar meneliti.

Gaya menyusun skripsi
Skripsi anak teknik berbeda dibandingkan anak sosial. Anak teknik umumnya membuat dan merancang sesuatu, sementara anak sosial umumnya menguji teori. Sebagai anak teknik, hal ini merupakan kelebihan, karena kemampuan membuat sesuatu ini bisa langsung diaplikasikan dalam dunia kerja -secara umum ya. Kalau melihat secara netral, umumnya anak teknik mengklaim bahwa anak teknik lebih baik dalam Problem Solving, karena anak teknik terbiasa mengkonsep sesuatu. Sementara anak sosial umumnya mengklaim lebih dalam Decision Making, karena argumennya konsep sudah jelas, memutuskan adalah yang paling sulit

A. Skripsi Teknik: Membuat
A1. Skripsi Teknik, Contoh, Pengembangan Sistem Informasi
Dasar Teori: Umum, menjelaskan apa itu sistem informasi dan komponen-komponennya
Hipotesis: Tidak ada (dalam versi lain, hipotesis bahwa sistem ini akan berfungsi)
Tujuan: Membuat (dalam versi lain, menguji bahwa sistem ini berfungsi)

A2. Skripsi Teknik: Contoh, Merancang Mesin

B. Skripsi Sains: Menguji: Ekonomi, Matematika, Sosial

B1. Skripsi Ekonomi
Skripsi Ekonomi, Contoh, Analisa Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Keputusan
Dasar Teori: Umum, menjelaskan apa yang mempengaruhi pembuatan keputusan
Hipotesis: Wajib (menduga dampak atas perubahan variable)
Tujuan: Menguji Hipotesis melalui penelitian (survey, questionnaire, data)
Approach: Quantitative

B2. Skripsi Matematika
Contoh, Model VAR dan Penerapannya
Dasar Teori: Spesifik (dari sisi matematika), Umum dari sisi terapan

B3. Skripsi Sosial
Skripsi Sosial, Contoh, Analisa Inovasi yang mempengaruhi Keputusan
Dasar Teori: Spesifik, cenderung konseptual e.g Roger Diffussion of Innovation Theory
Hipotesis: Wajib
Tujuan: Menguji Hipotesis melalui penelitian (interview, semistructured interview)
Approach: Qualitative

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 22, 2016 at 6:23 am

Ditulis dalam Job

Tagged with ,