Anjar Priandoyo

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Posts Tagged ‘Doctrine

Contrasting Opinion: Old vs New Philosophy

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Secara klasik di Indonesia, filfasat hanya belajar tiga hal: Ontologi (Klasifikasi, Taxonomy, Naming Convention, Metaphysics, Study of Reality, Existence), Epistemologi (Logika, Reasoning, Study of Knowledge, Knowledge Acquisition) dan Axiology (Morality).

Ontologi itu jelas, aturan penamaan, bahasa, aturan klasifikasi, rules. Axiologi (moral) itu

OPINION OLD VS NEW

  • Metaphysics: Plato (b427BC) Idealism vs Aristotle Direct Realism (b384BC)
  • Monasticism: Anthony the Great (b251) vs Hippo (b354)
  • Ideology: Augustine Hippo Monasticism (b354) vs Aquinas’ Scholasticism (b1225)
  • Reformation Counterreformation: Luther (b1483), Calvin (b1509) vs Loyola (b1491)
  • Protestanism: Luther (b1483) vs Calvin (b1509)
  • Scientific Method / Modern Philosophy: Descartes Platonic Theory (b1596) vs Francis Bacon Aristotelian Empiricism (b1561)
  • Metaphysics: Descartes Dualism (b1596) vs Spinoza Single Substance (b1632)
  • Government: Hobbes Law and Order (b1588) vs Rousseau Human Right (b1712), Locke (b1632) in the middle
  • God: Spinoza Immanent (b1632) vs Leibniz (b1646) Transcendent
  • Morality: Kant A priori principles (b1724) vs Hume Empiricism (b1711)
  • Calculus: Leibniz (b1646) vs Newton (b1643)
  • Government method: Voltaire Monarchy (b1650) vs Rousseau Democracy (b1712)
  • Realism: Kant Direct realism (b1724) vs Locke Indirect realism (1632)
  • Metaphysic Belief: Hegel (b1770) vs Kant (b1724)
  • Utilitarianism: Jeremy Bentham (b1748) vs J.S. MIll (b1806)
  • Psychology: Nietzsche (b1844) vs Freud (b1856)
  • Quantum Mechanic: Einstein (b1879) vs Bohr (b1885)
  • Scientific Method: Karl Popper (b1902) Falsification vs Thomas Kuhn (b1922) Paradigm Shift

CROSS GENERATION:

  • Epistemology / Knowledge Aquisition: Rationalism Plato, Descartes, Spinoza vs Empiricism Locke Berkeley (b1685) vs Skeptism Hume
  • Morality: Aristotelian Virtue Ethics vs Kant Duty Defined vs Consequentialist Utilitarian Bentham

PIONEER:

  • Descartes: Everything against him, Spinoza, Kant,
  • Kant: After since Kant, philosopher stopped talking about religion, Kant one of greatest German Philosopher

Wiki: Direct and indirect realism, Critique of the Kantian philosophy

Epistemology is the study of knowledge, while metaphysics is the study of reality. Epistemology looks at how we know what the truth is and whether there are limits to this knowledge, while metaphysics seeks to understand the nature of reality and existence

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

September 22, 2018 at 3:45 pm

Ditulis dalam Society

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Philosophy, The Greatest Philosophers of All Time

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Philosophy, the greatest philosophers of all time. My first effort to understand philosophy.

No Philosopher Google AM BBC BN LR CT DailyMail TR Period Impact
1 Thomas Aquinas 3 7 10 9 6 1225-1274
2 William of Occam 10 1288-1348
3 Niccolo Machiavelli 10 1469-1527 1513 The Prince
4 Francis Bacon 11 1561-1626
5 Thomas Hobbes 16 19 15 1588-1679
6 Rene Descartes 6 2 12 5 4 1596-1650 Modern Philosophy Father
7 Baruch Spinoza 10 14 13 1632-1677
8 John Locke 9 9 8 10 1632-1704 1st British Empirist
9 Isaac Newton 4 1643-1727
10 Gottfried Leibniz 12 2 1646-1716
11 David Hume 14 2 5 4 6 1711-1776 British Empiricists
12 JJ Rousseau 5 20 1712-1778
13 Immanuel Kant 5 6 1 3 5 1724-1804
14 GWF Hegel 12 17 11 1770-1831
15 Arthur Schopenhauer 16 1788-1860
16 John Stuart Mill 18 14 1 1806-1873 Classical Liberalism
17 Soren Kierkegaard 7 19 1813-1855 Existentialism Father
18 Karl Marx 7 3 1 13 17 1818-1883
19 Charles Peirce 18 1839-1914 Pragmatism Father
20 Friedrich Nietzsche 4 4 4 10 18 1844-1900
21 Frege 9 1848-1925
22 Edmund Husserl 3 1859-1938 Phenomenology
23 Bertrand Russel 13 1872-1970
24 Ludwig Wittgenstein 8 3 8 7 1889-1951
25 Martin Heidegger 2 1889-1976 Existential Phenomenology
26 Karl Popper 10 6 4 1902-1994
27 Jean-Paul Sartre 9 11 1905-1980 Existentialism
28 Maurice Merleau-Ponty 15 1908-1961
29 Donald Davidson 7 1917-2003
30 John Rawls 8 1921-2002
31 Michel Foucault 8 20 1926-1884
32 Hilary Putnam 10 1926-3000
33 Jurgen Habermas 1 1929-3000
34 Jacques Derrida 17 1930-2004
35 John Searle 4 1932-3000
36 Thomas Nagel 8 1937-3000
37 Saul Kripke 3 1940-3000
38 Derek Parfit 9 1942-3000
39 John McDowell 7 1942-3000
40 Daniel Dennett 2 1942-3000
41 Marth Nussbaum 5 1947-3000
42 David Chalmers 6 1966-3000
43 Avicenna 7 980-1037
44 Augustine of Hippo 20 16 354-430
45 Paul of Tarsus 3 5-067
46 Zeno of Citium 8 BC 336-265 Stoic
47 Epicurus 9 BC 341-270
48 Aristotle 1 1 9 2 3 1 BC 384-322
49 Plato 2 5 1 2 BC 429-347
50 Socrates 19 6 8 6 BC 469-399
51 Confucius 15 7 5 BC 551-479

Code:

  1. AM (askmen)
  2. BN (bryannelson)
  3. LR (leiterreports)
  4. CT (theculturetrip)
  5. TR (therichest)
  6. DM (dailymail)
  7. BB-V (bbc)
  8. GS Google: List of Philosopher

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Februari 17, 2016 at 5:45 pm

Ditulis dalam Business

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Matematika vs Fisika

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Tergantung dari kacamatanya, ilmuwan yang hebat baik matematikawan maupun fisikawan, sangat tergantung dari perspective mana melihatnya.

Fisika Teoritis: Newton (b1643, 1687), Faraday (1831) dan Einstein (1905)
Ilmuwan tersebut menjelaskan hal yang paling fundamental dalam ilmu fisika: Force (gaya). Gaya tersebut bisa dijelaskan dalam 4 interaksi dasar. Yang pertama adalah gaya gravitasi, gaya lemah (Fermi, 1933), gaya elektromagnetik, dan gaya kuat / nuklir (Chadwick, 1932). Satuan gaya adalah Newton

Fisika Terapan: Watt (b1736), Faraday (b1791) dan Joule (b1818)
Mekanika, elektronika, termodinamika atau orang sekarang lebih mengenal dalam konsep energi atau tenaga. Contoh tenaga listrik (konsumsi dalam watt, tegangan dalam volt), bensin (MTOE), tenaga nuklir, tenaga panas, tenaga kinetik dan sejenisnya. Satuan energi adalah Joule

Fisika Modern: Einstein, Heisenberg dan Scrodinger

Matematika: Descartes-(Cartesian Coordinate) (1596), Newton-Calculus (1687) dan Gauss (b1777).
Nama-nama yang kalau hanya mendengar-nya saja sudah bikin sakit perut sewaktu SMA.

Matematika Terapan: (Komputer), Alan Turing-Machine (b1912) atau Shannon-Information Theory (b1916)

Matematika Filosofi, Galileo, Descartes-Rationalism (Cogito Ergo Sum, 1637), Kant (b1724), Ref: Ilmuwan

Mungkin, karena pendapat orang bisa berbeda-beda

17 Equations that changed the world

  1. Phythagoras (Phythagoras, 530 BC) a.a + b.b = c.c = 3.3 + 4.4 = 5.5 = 9 + 16 = 25
  2. Logarithms (Napier, 1610) log x.y = log x + log y = log 2.3 = log 2 + log 3 = 0.301030 + 0.477121 = 0.778151
  3. Calculus (Newton 1668)
  4. Gravity (Newton, 1687) (Gravitation Force)
  5. Square Root of Minus One (Euler, 1750)
  6. Polyhedra
  7. Normal Distribution
  8. Wave Equation
  9. Fourier Transform
  10. Navier-Stokes Equation > CFD
  11. Maxwell’s Equation (Electromagnetic Force)
  12. Second Law of Thermodynamics
  13. Relativity (Einstein, 1905)
  14. Schrodinger Equation (1927)
  15. Information Theory
  16. Chaos Theory
  17. Black-Scholes Equation

17-equations

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Januari 28, 2016 at 5:06 pm

Ditulis dalam Science

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Definition: Doctrine, Schools of Thought, System of Belief

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School of Philosophy
1. Rationalist (Descartes b1596, Kant b1724)
2. Empirist (Locke b1632, Hume-Scepticism b1711)
3. Idealist (Hegel b1770)
4. Materialist (Darwin b1809, Marx b1818, Hobbes-Classical-Realism b1588)
5. Phenomenologist (Husserl)
6. Existensialist (Nietzsche, Sartre)
7. Pragmatists (Peirce FO)
8. Post-Modernist (Derrida)

School of Politics (Ethics/Power)
1. Liberalism (Locke, Mill, Rousseau)
2. Conservatism (Hooker, Hume)
3. Socialism
4. Anarchism (Tolstoy)
5. Environmentalism (Feminist)

Schools of Economics (Ha Joon Chang 2014)
1. Classical (Adam Smith 1776)
2. Neoclassical (Alfred Marshall b1842)
3. Marxist
4. Developmentalist (Alexander Hamilton b1789)
5. Austrian
6. Schumpeterian
7. Keynesian
8. Institutionalist (Thorstein Veblen b1857)
9. Behaviouralist (Daniel Kahneman b1934, Economy Nobel 2002)

Schools of Legal System (Arminjon, Nolde)
1. French Group, Civil Napoleonic Code 1804
2. German Group
3. Scandinavian Group
4. English Group, Common Law
5. Russian Group
6. Religious Group (Islam, Christian, Hindu)

Schools of Jurisprudence
1. Natural Law
2. Legal Positivism
3. Legal Realism
4. Critical Legal Studies (1970)

Schools of Psychology
1. Structuralism (Wundt 1879)
2. Functionalism (James)
3. Psychoanalysis (Freud 1890): Jung (archetypes) vs Freud (sexual)
4. Behaviourism (Watson 1950)
5. Humanistic (Maslow, Roger)
6. Gestalt (Wertheimer)
7. Existensialism (Heidegger).
8. Cognitive (Neisser).

Schools of Management (Hitt 1979)
1. Classical (Scientific Taylor 1911, Administrative Fayol, Bureaucratic Weber)
2. Neo-Classical (Human Relations Mayo, Behavioral Maslow-McGregor-Lewin-Follet)
3. Modern Management (System Theory, Contingency, Organizational Humanism, Management Science)

Schools of Strategic Management (Mintzberg 1998)
1. Design: Process of conception
2. Planning: Formal process (Ansoff 1965)
3. Positioning: Analytical process (Porter)
4. Entrepreneur: Visionary process (Schumpeter)
5. Cognitive: Mental process (Simon & March)
6. Learning: Emergent process (Prahalad & Gamel)
7. Power: Process of negotiation
8. Cultural: Collective process
9. Environmental: Collective process
10. Configuration: Process of transformation (Mintzberg, Chandler)

Schools of Sociology
1.Structural Functionalism (Durkheim, Parsons)
2.Conflict Theory (Marx, Wright Mills)
3.Feminist Sociology (Dorothy Smith)
4.Symbolic Interactionism (Cooley, Herbert Mead, Weber)

Keyword: Aliran, Mahzab, School of Thought

Written by Anjar Priandoyo

Desember 25, 2014 at 6:27 pm

Ditulis dalam Business

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